2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides,
tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites,
sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.) C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
C : With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.
an opaque, pale
copper-red, metallic nickel
that is a member of the Nickeline Group of minerals.
Nickeline is an unusal but very beautiful
gem with its bright, metallic luster and peachy red
to pale copper red colors. Nickeline alters to Annabergite,
a coating of green nickel arsenate, on exposure to moist air.
was originally named kupfernickel in 1694 by Swedish chemist, geologist, physician and writer
Urban Hjärne (1641-1724) from the German
words meaning copper nickel,
referring to its pale copper
colors and nickel
content. Nickel was named after Old Nick, a mischievious and
deceptive spirit of German mythology, because the
ore seemed to contain copper because of its color, but yielded none. Kupfernickel was
renamed Nickeline in 1832 by French mineralogist and geologist
François Sulpice Beudant (1787-1850) for its nickel
content. It was also renamed Niccolite by American geologist, mineralogist, volcanologist, and zoologist
James Dwight Dana (1813-1895) in 1868 from the
Latin word niccolum meaning nickel. Nickeline is the IMA recognized
in Germany, from Eisleben and Mansfeld, Saxony-Anhalt;
at St. Andreasberg, Harz Mountains; from Schneeberg,
Saxony; crystallized at Richelsdorf, Hesse-Nassau. From
Schladming, Austria. At Jáchymov (Joachimsthal), Czech
Republic. From the Chalanches mine, near Allemont, Isère,
France. In the USA, at Silver Cliff, Custer County,
and in the Gem mine, Fremont County, Colorado. In Ontario,
Canada, from the Cobalt–Gowganda and Sudbury districts,
and at Silver Islet, Thunder Bay district. At Cochabamba,
Bolivia. From the Aït Ahmane mine, 10 km east of Bou
Azzer, Morocco. In the Talmessi mine, 35 km west of
Anarak, Iran. At the Ban Phuc Ni–Cu deposit, northwestern
Vietnam. Many additional occurrences have been noted.
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